CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Researchers have found that people with periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from coronary artery disease as those without periodontal disease.
Some scientists believe that oral bacteria can affect the heart when they enter the bloodstream, attaching to fatty plaques in the coronary arteries (heart blood vessels) and contributing to clot formation. Many researchers have stated that the plaque associated with periodontal disease increases systemic inflammation, which may contribute to swelling of the arteries.
Studies have pointed to a relationship between periodontal disease and stroke. In one study, people diagnosed with a shortage of oxygen to the brain (acute cerebrovascular ischemia) were found more likely to have an oral infection when compared to those in the control group. The control of periodontal disease is an important factor in controlling and/or preventing both heart disease and stroke.
People with diabetes are more likely to have periodontal disease than people without diabetes. This is because diabetics are more susceptible to contracting infections. In fact, periodontal disease is often considered a major complication of diabetes. Those people who don’t have their diabetes under strict control are especially at risk for periodontal breakdown.
Not only does diabetes affect periodontal disease, but periodontal disease can influence your diabetes by making it more difficult for people who have diabetes to control their blood sugar.
Diabetics have an increased risk of diabetic complications when they have high blood sugar. Treatment of periodontal disease has been shown to result in better diabetic control. This decreases the risks of heart problems, circulatory problems and complications of diabetes that can lead to blindness.
Researchers have seen a link between osteoporosis and bone loss in the jaw. Studies suggest that osteoporosis may lead to tooth loss because the density of the bone that supports the teeth may be decreased, which means the teeth no longer have a solid foundation.
Scientists have suspected that estrogen deficiency and osteopenia/osteoporosis speed the progression of oral bone loss following menopause, which could lead to tooth loss. Nutrition is extremely important in slowing down or preventing osteoporosis. If you are suffering from osteoporosis, please contact our office to find out how periodontal disease and nutritional supplements can influence osteoporosis.
Pregnancy brings a heightened sensitivity to the gums, causing them to swell and bleed. However, periodontal disease is also a significant risk factor to the newborn. For a long time, established risk factors such as smoking, alcohol and drug were known causes for potential prenatal births with low birth weight.
Now, evidence suggests a new risk factor – periodontal disease. Pregnant women who have periodontal disease may be seven times more likely to have a baby that is born too early or too small.
It appears that periodontal disease triggers increased levels of biological fluids that induce labor. Data suggests that women whose periodontal condition worsens during pregnancy have an even higher risk of having a premature baby.
All infections, including periodontal disease, are cause for concern among pregnant women because they pose a risk to the health of the baby. We advise all pregnant women, and all women of childbearing age, to please contact our office. We want to help you have the healthiest baby possible. We also want to prevent tooth loss in a pregnant mother by treating the “pregnancy gingivitis” and restoring a healthy mouth.
A smooth clean root provides a healthy environment to allow the gums to healnaturally and reattach to the tooth. This will create a reduced pocket, therefore eliminating areas for bacteria to hide and cause further disease. Scaling and Root Planing combined with a strict home care routine and more frequent periodontal cleanings and exams will increase your chances of keeping your own teeth.
Locally Delivered Antibiotics
Recent advances in periodontal treatment allow us to now place medications directly at the site of infection. One of the most commonly used medications of this kind is Arestin™. In addition, numerous antimicrobial rinses are also available, which will combat bacteria.
Classic periodontal research has established that periodontal deisease can be successfully maintained by the use of systemic antibiotics, in ow doses, for a limited period of time.